El Paso del Norte (present-day Ciudad Juárez) was founded on the south bank of the Río Bravo del Norte (Rio Grande), in 1659 by Fray Garcia de San Francisco.In 1680, the small village of El Paso became the temporary base for Spanish governance of the territory of New Mexico as a result of the Pueblo Revolt, until 1692 when Santa Fe was reconquered and once again became the capital.Further west, a settlement on Coons' Rancho called Franklin became the nucleus of the future El Paso, Texas.A year later, pioneer Anson Mills completed his plan of the town, calling it El Paso.
During the Civil War, a Confederate presence was in the area until it was captured by the Union California Column in 1862.
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-oh; from Spanish, "the pass") is a city in and the seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States. The region of over 2.7 million people constitutes the largest bilingual and binational work force in the Western Hemisphere.
The two cities, along with Las Cruces in the neighboring U. state of New Mexico, form a combined international metropolitan area sometimes referred to as the Paso del Norte or El Paso–Juárez–Las Cruces.
Also headquartered in El Paso are the DEA domestic field division 7, El Paso Intelligence Center, Joint Task Force North, United States Border Patrol El Paso Sector, and the US Border Patrol Special Operations Group (SOG).